B.A., University of Rochester; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University
Professor of History
Historian of Russia, current research on Russian historical memory of the Soviet past.
My current research project, Coming to Grips With the Soviet Past: The Politics of Historical Memory in Russia, 2005-2012, explores the many ways in which Russian political elites and groups from liberal oppositionists to ultra-nationalists have been remembering, celebrating, commemorating, condemning, condoning, forgetting, ignoring and grappling with the Stalinist past and the vastly complex history and legacy of the Soviet experience in World War II and its fateful aftermath. I examine the historical politics informing the state’s protean “usable Soviet past” to support regnant political and social structures and norms, and the recent conversations among members of the Kremlin’s “Working Group for Historical Memory.” My work on the politics of multiple historical narratives builds on my previous books, The Living and the Dead: The Rise and Fall of the Cult of World War II in Russia and Lenin Lives! The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia.
My courses at Wellesley have engaged generations of Wellesley students in topics ranging across more than a millennium of Russian history as well as that of Europe in the twentieth century. Many of my classes are framed in the context of the politics of history in both Russian and Western scholarship. For example, when we study Peter the Great or Lenin, we also consider how Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Putin envisioned and made use of particular representations of those leaders. I teach courses on Medieval, Imperial, Soviet and Post-Soviet history and a comparative history seminar on World War II as Memory and Myth, 1945-2011, which explores historical narratives about the war in several belligerent countries including France, Germany, Japan, the US, Poland and, of course, Russia. I twice chaired the History Department and served as longtime director of the College’s rich Russian Area Studies Program.
My affiliation with Harvard’s Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies has been my longtime scholarly home in which for decades I have engaged in seminars, panels and collegial conversations. My past career has included the role of adviser to President Reagan, for whom I wrote two invited papers and served as one of six “Soviet experts” who briefed the President, Vice-President, and key cabinet members shortly before Mr. Reagan’s historic first meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev in November 1985 at the Geneva Summit. President Clinton read The Living and the Dead in preparation for his Victory Day visit to Moscow in 1999.
Over the past dozen years I have much enjoyed lecturing on Wellesley and Harvard alumnae/alumni travel study programs in many countries. My recent favorites were: a visit to Albania; a sojourn in Mongolia followed by an extended journey on the Trans-Siberian Railroad; lecturing on Japan’s memory of World War II in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum; and cruising down the Volga River, visiting major sites connected with Russia in the seventeenth century. My hobby is singing Russian songs. (I suppose jogging around Wellesley’s lovely Lake Waban does not quite count as a hobby.)